Vice Minister of the Ministry of human resources and social security talked about "why China can not make toilet covers"
[China Economic Forum] why can we make high-speed rail and large aircraft, but can not make toilet covers
"made in China" needs to reshape the "human gene"
the Ministry of human resources and social security and the Ministry of Finance jointly promote the "New Apprenticeship pilot"
China Economic Weekly Cao Xu reported in Beijing
380000 kilometers, which is the distance from the earth to the moon for Chang'e 3; 0.16mm is the width of one welding spot on the rocket engine; 0.1s is the allowable time error for completing welding
"you can stare at a tiny weld without blinking for ten minutes." His name is gaofenglin. He is a team leader of the No. 21 plant of the first Aerospace Research Institute of China. His work is described in one sentence as "welding the heart of the rocket". He has been engaged in aerospace welding for 35 years and is called "the first person in engine welding"
the enterprise awarded him an "expert", his colleagues called him a "master", the media called him a "great craftsman", and the state awarded him a "national model worker". However, among China's 800million workers, highly skilled talents represented by gaofenglin are rare
to support "made in China 2025", it is obvious that more gaofenglin people need to emerge. Recently, Tang Tao, Vice Minister of the Ministry of human resources and social security, who was a guest of CCTV's dialogue program, said: "as far as a country is concerned, the quality of its products actually depends on the level of skilled talents."
why can we build high-speed rail and large aircraft, but can't build toilet covers well
made in China "takes the lead in key fields, but systematically lags behind"
made in China can enable high-speed rail to fly, dragons to the sea and rabbits to the moon. Chinese technicians can win gold and silver in the world skills competition, but why is it difficult to create a useful ballpoint pen and a toilet cover that Chinese people scramble for overseas as the name suggests
this is not only the issue that Premier Li Keqiang talked about during the national two sessions this year, but also the embarrassment that ordinary people see made in China
Tang Tao, Vice Minister of the Ministry of human resources and social security, believes that the problem behind the "ball point pen is not easy to use" is the cultivation of skilled talents. "A country brings us rich profits and returns at the same time. The top-level products are produced by a group of high-end talents. However, the more popular, more common, and more frequently used pens need to rely on more workers, especially skilled workers, to improve the quality of daily production. From a large manufacturing country to a powerful manufacturing country, we still have a big gap in talent training."
Gao Zhiwen, director of the Human Resources Research Office of the Institute of population and labor economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that this is a reflection of the current situation of "leading in key fields but systematically backward" made in China. "China is actually leading in many advanced and sophisticated fields, but in some fields, such as ballpoint pens, it is the result of the joint operation of people and machinery and equipment. People may have very good technology, but if our equipment and mechanical system can not reach it, sometimes it is more difficult."
in the opinion of liujinghong, assistant general manager of AVIC, transforming design into products and then into products with market competitiveness, the whole process requires smooth mechanism of technology transformation and transfer, excellent process guarantee, mature talent market, honest market environment, etc., which are the weaknesses of China's manufacturing industry at present
Tang Tao frankly said that although China already has a large number of index level craftsmen who have accumulated rich experience in production practice. The impact testing machine can not reach the experimental level at low temperature, whether these craftsmen from large countries with unique skills can "have successors" is a question that needs to be seriously faced by Chinese manufacturers at present. "In special industries such as military industry, China has more large-scale craftsmen. In some traditional industries, our senior technicians, chief technicians and special technicians are still less."
the competent authorities have started to take action. Since August this year, the Ministry of human resources and social security and the Ministry of finance have started to promote the "New Apprenticeship pilot" in 12 provinces, autonomous regions and cities across the country, including Beijing, Tianjin and Inner Mongolia. Each province selects 3 to 5 large and medium-sized enterprises for the pilot, and each enterprise selects about 100 new employees for skilled positions who have signed labor contracts with employers for more than 6 months to participate in the training, involving nearly 6000 apprentices
there is a serious shortage of professional and technical personnel, so it is necessary to reshape the "human gene" made in China and improve the status of "blue collar workers"
Gao Zhiwen, director of the Human Resources Research Office of the Institute of population and labor economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that the world's technology wave has been updated very rapidly, while enterprises' follow-up, R & D and talent training have a lag period, which is more prominent for China, It is the shortage of professional and technical personnel
according to Tang Tao, the Ministry of human resources and social security has made efforts in three aspects: first, it has continued to build the "national hundred million talent project". It plans to select and train about 4000 candidates for the hundred million talent project in a planned and focused manner in about 10 years from 2012, focusing on the selection and training of high-level young and middle-aged leading talents aiming at the forefront of world science and technology; Second, strengthen the construction of post doctoral team. In September this year, the Ministry of human resources and Social Security approved the establishment of more than 500 post doctoral scientific research workstations, which will introduce and train a large number of urgently needed high-level talents for relevant enterprises and institutions, and effectively promote the integration of production, learning and research; Third, since the end of 2011, the professional and technical personnel knowledge updating project has been launched, and a large-scale knowledge updating continuing education has been carried out in 12 key areas. 1million high-level, urgently needed and backbone professional and technical personnel have been trained every year. The project has played an increasingly important role in Industrial Development
another reason that restricts the emergence of a large number of highly skilled talents is the source of students. "The problem facing the cultivation of skilled personnel, including vocational education, is that many young people or their parents are unwilling to choose this profession and think that the social reputation is low." Gao Wenwen said. How to improve the social reputation of "blue collar workers"? According to Gao Wen, we should start from three aspects: unblocking the career development channel, improving the income level and improving the working environment
in manufacturing enterprises, the "big employer" of skilled talents, the corresponding exploration has never stopped
for example, CRRC has opened up three channels for the cultivation of skilled talents: growth channel, value embodiment channel and treatment channel. Sunyongcai, vice president of CRRC, said: "the expert sequence assessed by CRRC includes chief experts and senior experts. At present, CRRC has one chief expert, 33 of whom are senior experts, and 50 skilled talents enjoy special government subsidies from the State Council."